Unlike New England, the Middle Colonies had richer, less rocky soil, allowing the area to become a major exporter of wheat and other grains. What were the middle colonies and when were they founded? If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. they imported british manufacturing goods, rum, sugar and molasses from the west indies, and slaves from africa. These exports made the middle colonies the leading food producers. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. The Middle Passage. People use the wide rivers in the Middle Colonies to transport goods. How did geography affect the Middle Colonies' economy? Instead, more than three quarters of the region’s exports went either to the West Indies or 13 The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … The Middle colonies are often called the breadbasket colonies because they grew so many crops, especially wheat. Analysis of the Economies of the 13 Colonies Directions: The attached graphs illustrate the exports [goods that are produced to sell for a profit] of each colonial region. Southerners had a guaranteed market for their tobacco, rice and indigo. 13 Colonies - Free Powerpoints All rights reserved. New England's exports were largely to the West Indies, as were half the exports of the middle colonies, while exports from the southern colonies, the producers of cotton and tobacco, went over-whelmingly to … If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians were all represented, which made it impossible for one religion to dominate and gave a greater freedom of religion than any of the New England Colonies, with exception to Rhode Island. read more, tobacco, furs and wheat were the most common exports. They named the area Jamestown. tobacco, furs and wheat were the most common exports. … Students look at pictures of material goods from two world regions—Eastern North America and Western Europe—and simulate 17th century trade by moving goods across the Atlantic Ocean. Continental colonies (1774) 74.00 New England 33.00 19,000,000 Middle Colonies 51.00 30,000,000 Upper and Lower South 132.00 86,100,000 West Indies (1771-1775) Jamaica 1,200.00 18,000,000 Table 3: Wealth per free white person in British America, ca. B. b. flour. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Why were the middle colonies known as the breadbasket of the colonies? Unlike the New England Colony, it had lots of fertile soil and since farming was the main way people made a living it attracted a lot of settlers. For Teachers. This first settlement failed mysteriously and in 1606, the London Company sent a ship full of people to establish a presence. The total number of people on Earth has been increasing for centuries, and it looks as though that trend will continue into the future. The middle colony had richness of land and abundant natural resources. What are the Solomon Islands' major imports and exports? read more. Over time, they formed the thirteen British colonies up and down the East Coast. Exports were the raw materials or finished products that the colonists traded or sold to other countries. Americans have often prided themselves on their rich diversity. Freedom of religion was guaranteed to all immigrants. Delaware Climate Humid and temperate warm summers and mild winters Geography second lowest average elevation long sandy beaches, marshy shorelines shallow tributaries throughout state It kept ports in the middle colonies busy and helped to Anglicize the diverse population. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. What are the major imports and exports of Argentina? Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. The following is a list of the colonies and their exports. Great Awakening. The Middle Colony was known as the “breadbasket” because its top export is grain. B. The partly unglaciated Middle Colonies enjoyed fertile soil vastly different from the nearby New England Colonies, which contained more rocky soil. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. data for the Middle Colonies in a manner that is based on an explicit theoretical framework we here present annual time series of total and per capita export volumes from c. 1700 to c. The Middle Colonies were considered the most religiously and ethnically diverse group out of the 3 regions. Then in 1606, the London Company established a presence in what would become Jamestown, Virginia. The Middle Colonies produced a large amount of wheat, corn, pork, and beef, among other trade goods. Terms of Service |  Exports In the middle colonies we export a very large amount of steel, grain, and corn to send back to the home land Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. b. flour. Lumbers, textiles, iron, furs, and shipbuilding. ), Selections from the Economic History of the United States, 1765-1860 (Boston: Ginn and Co., 1909), 16-20. Many of the immigrants to the Middle Colonies paid their way to the New World. 0 0. c. rum. These companies pursued the economic opportunities afforded by the natural resources abundant in this “New World.” The economy in the colonies, which varied regionally, was mostly centered around agriculture and exporting materials back to England. d. milling equipment. Because of the large grain exports resulting from this soil, the colonies came to be known as the Bread Basket Colonies. The economy in the colonies, which varied regionally, was mostly centered around agriculture and exporting materials back to England. read more, 12. However, prior to this population boom, in the 17th to 19th centuries, the population demographics were considerably different than those of today. New religious movement in 1720's.This movement changed the way that many people practiced their religion. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. For example, for goods that are shipped today from China to the United States, (1) if you were in the United States, you would call these goods "imported from China". c. The colonies were generally run by Royal or Proprietary Governors and elected colonial assemblies. Use the information in the graphs to answer the analysis questions that follow. From there, other groups crossed the ocean to start new lives in this “New World.” Some groups arrived to pursue religious freedom and others economic opportunities. Slavery in America. 4 Industry SOURCE: Peter Kalm, Travels into North America (1749), 1, 253-8; 243-5; reprinted in Guy Stevens Callender (ed. Three rivers -- Susquehanna, Delaware, and Hudson -- tapped fur trade in the interior. Cite evidence from one graph to support your claim. Privacy Notice |  The Middle Colonies economy is very stable with constant exports from Albany and Philadelphia. Generally…are French Colonies poorer than British colonies? Best Answers The town carries on a great trade, both with the inhabitants of the country, and to other parts of the world, especially to the West Indies, South America, and the Antilles; to England, Ireland, Portugal, and to several English colonies in North America. 3. Imports are all products brought into the colonies most of which were from England. This fear was present in all of the colonies. But most of these exports were not bound for Great Britain. 2. The religion of the Middle Colonies, as one would expect, was diverse. They had a growing new market for their manufactured goods and cheap new resources from which to make even more stuff. The Middle Colonies (Mid-Atlantic Colonies) I. Characteristics of the Middle Colonies: NY, PA, NJ, DE A. Trade/Exports All of the Middle Colonies were a big food producing region with corn, wheat, and livestock. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. Sustainability Policy |  The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. European ethnic groups as manifold as English, Swedes, Dutch, Germans, Scots-Irish and French lived in closer proximity than in any location on continental Europe. These events redistributed people on the eve of one of population’s biggest booms. 3) Which colonial region do you think had the most wildlife such as bears, deers, beavers, etc.? The Middle Colonies' chief export was grain, in addition to other crops such as corn, vegetables, fruit and livestock. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. Its large exports led to its constituent colonies becoming known as the Bread Basket Colonies. The major export from the middle colonies was a. fish. The Middle Colonies had much fertile soil, which allowed the area to become a major exporter of wheat and other grains. Exports and Imports in the American Colonies. Learn more about the thirteen British colonies with these classroom resources. Economic historians of the eighteenth-century British mainland North American colonies have given considerable weight to the role of exports as a stimulus for economic growth. She or he will best know the preferred format. 1. Review each graph carefully. Nowhere was that diversity more evident in pre-Revolutionary America than in the middle colonies of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. The Middle Colonies had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters. Globally, this time period was defined by movements of colonization, conquest, trade, industrialization, and the transatlantic slave trade. The lumber and shipbuilding industries were also successful in the Middle Colonies because of the abundant forests, and Pennsylvania was moderately successful in the textile and iron industries. The textile industry also grew quickly as well as exports of pig iron and its products. New York and Pennsylvania dominated exports from the Middle Colonies in these years, together accounting for more than 96 percent of the value of regional exports (see Appendix Table 1). Source: qa.answers.com. The British arrived in North America in 1587 through the sponsorship of the Plymouth Company, which established a short-lived settlement called Roanoke in present-day Virginia. Many found freedom and acceptance in the Middle Colonies than they had ever known. Who were the new migrants to the middle colonies. Of course, Great Britain liked this exclusive trade, too. The Middle Colonies exported agricultural products and natural resources. The British began their invasion of North America in 1587 when the Plymouth Company established a settlement that they dubbed Roanoke in present-day Virginia. It was mostly hot in the middle colonies, which allowed farming season to be longer. 1770-1775 (pounds sterling) 17 There was mostly Polish, English, Dutch,French and German origins. From the book The Making of America, published by National Geographic Society © 2002. Life of a Slave. Large land expansions allow for more farmlands which result in more production of wheats, oats, and grains. 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