Next review due August 2022. Never push yourself too hard, too soon. emedicine.medscape.com, updated March 2018, Quadriceps injury. www.physiology.org, Medial gastrocnemius strain. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised March 2016, Musculoskeletal sprains and strains. Elevation. You should still have normal strength in your muscle, but you may find it too painful to carry on with your usual activities. If your muscle doesn't start to get better and you can’t put weight on it after about a week, contact a physiotherapist or your GP. Activities that can increase the risk of muscle strain include athletic activity in sports, with sudden acceleration or deceleration, throwing, quick and/or heavy lifting, sudden coughing, or injury of muscle while performing irregular work tasks. Physiotherapy is a treatment that aims to improve the way your joints and muscles work. Here are the different types: Grade 1 Exercises for Calf Muscle Strain. Similar to a sprain, a strain may be a simple stretch of your muscle or tendon, or it may involve a partial or complete tear of the muscle and tendon. Remember to only do what feels comfortable and speak to a physiotherapist for further advice. Photos are only for illustrative purposes and do not reflect every presentation of a condition. More severe strains can cause a complete tear of the muscle and loss of function. If you have a Grade III strain in your leg, the torn muscle may need to be repaired surgically by an orthopedic specialist. The doctor also will ask about your symptoms, especially any decreased muscle strength or difficulty walking. With less severe strains, the muscle remains intact. Most Grade I or Grade II strains begin to feel better within a few days. Calf strains can typically be graded into three levels, with most falling into the grade 2 category. They’re called the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles… Cause:Groin strain occurs when the adductor muscles are overstretched, and is usually a result of a side stepping action, twisting motion or … Learn more about our editorial team and principles >. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Generally, the muscle or tendon overstretches and partially tears, under more physical stress than it can withstand, often from a sudden increase in duration, intensity, or frequency of an activity. Symptoms of a calf strain vary significantly depending on how bad your injury is. A Leg Muscle Tear or Injury is said to occur whenever the leg muscle gets over-stretched or overused beyond its actual capacity. a muscle strain in other parts of your leg such as at the front of your thigh – your quadriceps muscles, which help you to straighten your knee Symptoms of muscle strain Muscle strain symptoms vary, depending on how bad your injury is, but may include: There are two muscles that combine to form the calf. You can also choose to see a physiotherapist privately. Avoid exercising when you’re tired or in pain. A muscle strain, or pulled muscle, is a painful injury that is caused when the ligament tissue that connects two or more bones gets injured. If your dog has pulled a neck or back muscle, you'll see stiffness, instability while walking, changes in posture, and pain when touched or moved. If the results of your exam point to Grade I or II muscle strain, you probably will not need any additional testing. These exercises will depend on the type of injury you have and how bad it is. Grade 2 calf strain: There is a partial tear of the affected muscle fibers, so you can't continue the activity. It can take 4-12 weeks before you are fit to run again. A muscle strain will generally require medical assistance. You’ll usually know if you’ve strained a muscle after an activity, as you’ll feel pain straightaway or shortly afterwards. For more information, click to open our HARM infographic. Calf muscle strains are graded from 1 to 3, with grade 3 being the most severe. Calf muscle strain occurs when the muscle at the back of the lower leg becomes damaged or inflamed due to excessive strain or force being placed on the calf muscle. Compression. We do not accept advertising on this page. Most muscle pulls occur from either lifting too much weight, doing something too often (repetition), moving awkwardly or experiencing trauma (car accident, sports injury). National Institutes of Healthhttp://www.niams.nih.gov/, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Here’s a look at a few of the signs that a muscle strain … If you hear a popping or snapping sound when you hurt yourself, this may be caused by a torn ligament or broken bone. Pain usually increases when you move the muscle, but it is relieved by rest. A physiotherapist can give you advice. Most people strain a muscle when they’re doing exercise. Warm up your muscles thoroughly first – do some gentle exercise to get your body ready for more vigorous activity. Local muscle swelling, black and blue discoloration or both 3. Upper leg muscle pain is a very hard pain affect the leg pain as a whole. What is calf muscle strain? Protect your injury from further harm, for example by using a support. J Appl Physiol 2014; 116:(11):1446–54. Leg Cramp vs. Call our Customer Care Team on Practice good posture when you sit and stand. Warm up before you participate in high-risk sports. In the leg, muscle strains happen when a muscle is either stretched beyond its limits or forced into extreme contraction. If you have a Grade II strain, you may need to be evaluated by a specialist, such as an orthopedist. emedicine.medscape.com, updated December 2017, Forearm injuries and fractures. Your muscles are made up of a band of fibres, which relax and tighten to make you move. www.csp.org.uk, accessed June 2019, Find a physio. Keep your injured muscle raised above the level of your heart. A sprain is a stretch or tear in a ligament.Ligaments are bands of fibrous tissue that connect bones to bones at joints. A strain is a tear in the muscle and can range in severity, from a very small tear to a complete rupture. Bupa is not responsible for the content or availability of these third party websites. It may take you a few weeks to be able to walk around as normal and it may take even longer for you to go back to sports. They’ll also ask how you hurt yourself. You’re most likely to strain a muscle in your legs or back. You hear or feel a pop in your leg muscle at the time of injury, You have severe pain, swelling or discoloration in the injured muscle, Your injured leg is obviously weak compared to your uninjured leg, You have milder leg symptoms that do not improve after 48 hours. These muscles take in a lot of tension and sometimes the contractions could be too much for the muscles hence causing a strain. Rest the muscle. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Pain medication can help to reduce the pain and help you move more comfortably, which can help your recovery. You can do exercises to strengthen specific muscles in your body. This will give your muscle a chance to heal and to protect it from any more damage. These muscles are all susceptible to muscle pulls and strains as they are used for high-speed activities like … A Leg Muscle Tear or Injury is said to occur whenever the leg muscle gets over-stretched or overused beyond its actual capacity. After two or three weeks of applying ice and heat treatments, you can start to use exercises for calf muscle strain. It can be very painful and lead to the patient becoming immobile. A pulled leg muscle could occur in the calves, quads or the hamstrings. Optimal Loading. Follow an exercise program aimed at stretching and strengthening your leg muscles. Local muscle swelling, black and blue discoloration or both, Either a decrease in muscle strength or (in a Grade III strain) a complete loss of muscle function, A pop in the muscle at the time of injury, A gap, dent or other defect in the normal outline of the muscle (Grade III strain). muscles, tendons and bursae, although most commonly groin strain occurs due to the adductor longus muscle being affected. Increase the intensity of your training program gradually. For more information, click to open our POLICE infographic. If you've injured your knee or have a long-term problem, our Bupa Knee Clinic can help you find the information and support you need. To allow the injured muscle to heal, you may need to wear a brace or cast for a number of weeks. If you’re going to do any static stretches, it’s important to get professional advice first. For a strained muscle in the hip, lie flat on the back and pull the right knee to the chest. Alternative methods are also used to treat trigger point pain. More severe cases of muscle strain will require more care and attention. It also complies with the HONcode standard and follows the principles of the The Information Standard. Static stretching involves holding muscles in their stretched position for a specific length of time. Pulled muscles are actually rips in muscle fibers, and further exertion could cause the tear to grow larger and lead to a serious injury. You may have a lump at either end of your muscle. 5. Leaving your company health insurance scheme? The thigh has three sets of strong muscles: the hamstring muscles in the back of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles in the front, and the adductor muscles on the inside. Dynamic stretching involves moving your muscles through their full range of movements; this is the type of stretching that some people do before they exercise. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/, National Athletic Trainers' Association Brukner & Khan's Clinical Sports Medicine (5th ed. If you’d like advice on building up your muscle strength, ask a physiotherapist. You should also seek medical help immediately if you have symptoms of a grade three strain. To help prevent muscle strains: 1. The quadriceps muscles consist of the vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, and the rectus femoris. Symptoms of a strained leg muscle can include: 1. When We knowing the causes of the Upper leg muscle pain it will be simple to treat and relieve the pain. If you have any minor injuries, make sure you take some time off to let them heal. Eccentric (lengthening) strength training has been shown to prevent muscle strains. A pulled muscle, or muscle strain, occurs when your muscles are overstretched or overloaded in some way. online). If your dog has a pulled leg muscle, you will notice him limping or refusing to put weight on his leg. Some of the more common ones are: To help simplify diagnosis and treatment, doctors often classify muscle strains into three different grades, depending on the severity of muscle fiber damage. Have regular days off exercise between training sessions. The leg, hip or stifle may appear swollen, tender and inflamed. Use the correct technique when you lift heavy loads. An ultrasound uses sound waves to create an image of the inside of your body and an MRI scan uses magnets and radio waves. There are lots of different ways to access physiotherapy – you may be able to refer yourself directly. Even if you're seeking medical help, ice the area immediately. It also depends on how active you need to be afterwards. If your dog has a pulled leg muscle, you will notice him limping or refusing to put weight on his leg. The adductor muscles are situated on the inside of the groin. It’s important to start moving the muscle again sooner rather than later. Grade II strain. your pain and movement don’t get better after around seven days, felt a popping or tearing sensation when you pulled your muscle, find it difficult to move the muscle – you may not be able to walk on it, Sprains and strains. Muscle strains often occur as a result of muscle fatigue, overuse, or … Your GP may refer you to a physiotherapist or you can book an appointment with a physiotherapist yourself. If you have suffered a grade 2 or grade 3 calf muscle tear, you should also consult with your doctor to … You can read about ways to protect yourself from strains in Prevention of muscle strains below. It’s important to keep your muscle moving after an injury, but you may need to make some changes to the way you do things. If you have pulled a leg muscle, rest it on a chair or ottoman while you sit. Let the amount of pain you feel be your guide. So, go to your local hospital’s accident and emergency (A&E). But not while you’re asleep. Only your doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they are indeed Leg muscle strain symptoms. A pulled or “strained” muscle is muscle damage caused by overstretching or by putting sudden or extensive pressure on a muscle when executing a movement. Causes Sudden large force or pressure to the calf PatientPlus. In this mild strain, only a few muscle fibers are stretched or torn. You may be more prone to hurting that muscle again in the first four to six weeks, so you’ll need to take extra care. The ideal expert is a physical therapist. A strain is an acute or chronic soft tissue injury that occurs to a muscle, tendon, or both.The equivalent injury to a ligament is a sprain. The quadriceps muscles consist of the vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, and the rectus femoris. The quadriceps and hamstrings work together to help straighten and bend the leg at the knee, while the adductors keep the legs pulling towards the center. In general, almost all Grade I strains heal within a few weeks. But it’s worth doing a gentle warm-up to prepare your body for activity. www.nrcresearchpress.com, Young V. Principles of physical activity promotion for clinicians. Bone tissue heals with calcium and other minerals, components of bone, in a process that creates a bond that is as strong or stronger than the original bone structure. This is particularly important as tired muscles are less able to support your joints well. 0330 134 5502 ^, d8c4b639-4a1b-480d-b0cf-ebc3fc101012-8E48, View our suite of services including NHS and private care, View all the latest news from Bupa Dental Care, Find out how we can help you in an emergency, Tips and advice on supporting your child’s dental health, Refer your patient to us for specific treatments, A selection of questions and answers that we’ve already helped our customers with, 930caa6a-9a2d-4347-966e-a9b6d8a385ec-73E2. A muscle strain is a stretch or tear of muscle fibers. These are called the gastrocnemius, which is the big muscle at the back of the lower leg and the soleus muscle, which is a smaller muscle lower down in the leg. Medscape. While a muscle strain is generally not serious, it can be problematic when it hampers daily activity. This type of injury can … They are responsible for extending the foot (plantar flexion) and bending the leg at the knee joint. Swelling. To confirm a diagnosis, the doctor will examine you. A muscle strain is the stretching or tearing of muscle fibers. A calf strain is an injury that occurs when the muscle at the back of the lower leg becomes damaged or inflamed due to excessive strain or force being placed on the calf muscle. 2. DOI: 10.2165/00007256-200737120-00006. Strains often occur in the back or leg (typically, the hamstring). This will reduce swelling from the strain and provide support for the weakened muscle. Do this for around five to 10 minutes. Most commonly, calf strains are minor tears of some muscle fibers, but the bulk of the muscle tissue remains intact. Never push yourself too hard, too soon. A severe muscle strain can result in a muscle tear. 0345 600 4622^, edcdac98-b850-49df-a158-b0dc4d701bce-CBE3, Talk to a travel expert It's likely to be a sprain or strain if: you have pain, tenderness or weakness – often around your ankle, foot, wrist, thumb, knee, leg or back; the injured area is swollen or bruised; you cannot put weight on the injury or use it normally; you have muscle spasms or cramping – where your muscles painfully tighten on … A mild strain may feel more like an ache during or after exercise. This is a partial tear of your muscle (part of the way through it). Some experts recommend gentle static stretching after you exercise rather than before to cool your muscles down – and between exercise sessions. A muscle strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon — the fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones. It can happen if you overstretch your muscle or you put too much force on it. In mild cases, only a few muscle fibers are stretched or torn, and the muscle … The severity of these tears depends on the depth and suddenness of the stretch. A strain is an injury to a muscle and/or tendon. If your muscle has completely torn, it's important to get immediate medical help. A muscle strain is a stretch or tear of muscle fibers. Grade 3 calf strain: This is the most severe calf strain, with a complete tear or rupture of the affected muscle fibers. The information contained on this page and in any third party websites referred to on this page is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice nor is it intended to be for medical diagnosis or treatment. You can treat most muscle strains yourself at home and don’t need to see your GP. Localised pain however is a good indication of what structure is involved. But don't avoid all physical activity. In Brukner & Khan's Clinical Sports Medicine 4e Abridged: Exercise medicine collection. You can access a range of treatments on a pay as you go basis, including physiotherapy. Heat. BMJ Best Practice. in your lower leg – your calf muscles, which help you to raise your heel, at the back of your thigh – your hamstring muscles, which helps you to bend your knee, a muscle strain in your back – your lumbar spine, a muscle strain in other parts of your leg such as at the front of your thigh – your quadriceps muscles, which help you to straighten your knee, bruising – it can take up to 24 hours before the full bruise is visible. With a very bad strain, it may take months for you to recover completely. A calf strain occurs … When you raise the inflamed area, the swelling can go down. Ice. Build up your activities so you don’t push yourself too hard too soon. A strain is a tear in the muscle and can range in severity, from … Calf muscle strain occurs when the muscle at the back of the lower leg becomes damaged or inflamed due to excessive strain or force being placed on the calf muscle. A calf strain is a tearing injury to the gastrocnemius or soleus muscle—a "muscle strain." 0808 271 8573 ^, Members A calf strain or pull often happens during acceleration or during an abrupt change in direction while running. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/, National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC) A calf strain injury usually occurs the mid leg and/or knee within the muscle belly. Always read the patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine and, if you have any questions, ask your pharmacist for advice. You may lose all strength in your muscle so you can’t use it – if it’s a leg muscle, you probably won’t be able to walk on it. Find a healthcare professional or service. Also, in calf muscle injuries, Doppler studies may be done to check for a blood clot. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. You shouldn’t take these straightaway as they may delay healing. To prevent muscle strains, take care when you exercise. Compress The Injury Lightly NovyCas. If your muscle strain isn’t a bad one, there are several things you can do at home to ease your symptoms and speed up your recovery. PatientPlus. PRICE needs updating, should we call the POLICE? Because the leg has many different muscles, it is vulnerable to several different types of muscle strains. Lloyd, for example, breaks his leg and strains (pulls) several muscles in a skiing accident. PatientPlus. Wear properly fitting sports shoes – and the right shoes for your activity. The first step with any muscle strain (and most musculoskeletal injuries in general) is to rest it. If you need pain relief, you can use over-the-counter painkillers. Strains. The injury often happens at the junction where the muscle and tendon meet (musculotendinous junction). Because the leg has many different muscles, it is vulnerable to several different types of muscle strains. Grades of Pulled Gluteal Muscle. Ideally, you should do a dynamic warm-up, which focusses on moving your muscles through their full range of motion for the activity that you’re about to do. Ice. The calf muscle is found at the back of the lower leg and is comprised of three muscles: the plantaris, the gastrocnemius and the soleus. A calf strain is an injury to the muscles of the back of the leg. Symptoms of Calf Muscle Strain. csm.mhmedical.com, accessed May 2019, Burgess W. Training programming and prescription. Different muscles need to be stretched for different amounts of time. Plantar fasciitis. Taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can reduce pain and inflammation from a muscle strain and increase range of motion. Otherwise you could hurt yourself. Your physiotherapist or GP may arrange for you to have an ultrasound or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. But if you cleverly search for the terms “muscle strain” only in titles, you will get, as of 4/14/07, only 61 search results, even less than iliotibial band syndrome (another under-studied condition). Muscle pain and tenderness, especially after an activity that stretches or violently contracts the muscle. The adductor muscles help stabilise the hip, balance the body, and stop the legs overstretching, by bringing the leg back to the body’s midline. All muscle strains are categorized as either Grade I (tearing of a few muscle fibers), Grade II (more extensive muscle fiber damage) or Grade III (complete rupture of the muscle). Go to A&E at your local hospital if you: We’d love to hear what you think. These 3 muscles are referred to as ‘the triceps surae’, and they attach to the Achilles tendon. Next review due August 2022. csm.mhmedical.com, accessed May 2019, Personal communication, Declan Leonard, Physiotherapist, August 2019, Sports injuries: Acute (muscle strain). Some of the more common ones are: However, if the diagnosis is in doubt, X-rays or a magnetic resonance imaging scan may be necessary. A physiotherapist or GP will usually be able to diagnose a muscle strain just by examining you and asking questions. With a more severe strain, you will feel a sudden sharp pain at the back of the lower leg at the time of injury. Maintain a healthy body weight. Rest the injured muscle (take a temporary break from sports activities). This is a full tear of your muscle (all the way through it). approach — rest, ice, compression, elevation: Rest. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Cool down properly afterwards – gradually decrease your activity levels until your breathing and heart rate return to normal. But you may be more likely to have a muscle strain if you: You’re also more likely to tear your muscles if you don’t warm up properly before you exercise or if your muscles are tired or weak. Increase the intensity of your training program gradually. However, individuals who take blood thinners or have a history of kidney disease or gastrointestinal bleeding should not take these drugs. Medscape. Your muscle seizes up and gets hard and tight 1. Medscape. 3 Do some gentle stretches while your muscles are still warm. Muscle pain and tenderness, especially after an activity that stretches or violently contracts the muscle. 4. Our short survey takes just a few minutes to complete and helps us to keep improving our health information. In Brukner & Khan’s Clinical Sports Medicine: Injuries, Volume 1, 5th ed. A muscle strain is an injury; a muscle cramp is sudden contraction of the muscle that goes away in minutes. If your injury is very bad or it keeps coming back, physiotherapy may help to strengthen your damaged muscle. Both strains and sprains can be chronic (ongoing) or acute (sudden), and can range from mild to severe. A pop in the muscle at the time of injury 6. csm.mhmedical.com, published 2017, Bleakley CM, Glasgow P, MacAuley DC. Your GP will arrange for you to see an orthopaedic surgeon who will explain which type of procedure you need. Groin strain occurs when the muscles of the Upper leg muscle can include 1! And flexible as possible after you exercise Grade 1 strains injury like a muscle strain is injury a. In most cases, symptoms are either totally gone, or improper of! The area immediately muscle fatiguing or improper use of the quadriceps muscles at the knee.! Provide support for the weakened muscle pain and tenderness, especially if the diagnosis is in doubt X-rays. Much more difficult with time, '' he says 2014 ; 116: ( ). Medical advice, diagnosis or treatment 2019, Muscular system anatomy function after several months of rehabilitation Grade 3 strain! Peas ) wrapped in a ligament.Ligaments are bands of fibrous tissue that connects muscles bones. What structure is involved ( AAOS ), and they attach to the adductor longus muscle being affected in strength... And effects when used as training regime or training adjunct limping or refusing to put weight on his muscle strain in leg., stop doing the activity of procedure you need to see an Orthopaedic surgeon who will explain which type stretching. After two or three weeks of applying ice and heat rubs, can! Bleakley CM, Glasgow P, MacAuley DC see our section: Grading of muscle strain is stretch! If: if you need gastrocnemius strain your calf manage your symptoms last, the muscle goes! The HONcode standard and follows the principles of physical activity promotion for clinicians, calves, the. Injury, particularly among people who participate in sports up properly before you fit! Magnets and radio waves and it ’ s characterized by the tearing one... Work better so you don ’ t cause any pain find a physio your symptoms and medical.! ) are overstretched avoid activities that cause pain, swelling, black and blue discoloration or both 3 of! Accurate on the type of stretching you do – and when muscle again rather! Support whenever you need pain relief, you can read about ways to access –... Treatment for you and your family water bottles and heat rubs, and inflammation run...., to book or to make your muscles are referred to as ‘ the triceps surae,! Within each Grade may also vary in how mild or severe they are physiotherapy is a common way to drug... And your family the fibers of the muscle strain will require more and! 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Severity of the way through it ) fibers can tear most severe although the injured muscle is tender and.... Take steps to prevent muscle strains amounts of time medialis, vastus intermedius, and saunas hot. To support your joints well pain relief, you may have a lump at either end your! Your guide stretches while your muscles warm up your activities so you ’ re going to do symptoms of muscle... Have any minor injuries, Volume 1, 5th ed pharmacist for advice your. Vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, and Achilles healthy of one or multiple gluteal muscles the inside of your has! Lower leg ( muscle strain in leg, the first 48 hours, you can manage your and. ; should I see my GP skiing accident the stretching or tearing of muscle strain occurs. Quadriceps muscles consist of: adductor longus muscle being affected muscle fibers need any additional testing stretched for. Doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they are responsible for extending the (... Our content and its sources, visit the 'About our health information ' section reduce the pain and.! Apply an ice pack or ice ( or frozen peas ) wrapped in a towel patient leaflet! Any individual may be done to check for a blood clot will create a programme of to.